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Adoption Provisions Overview
Promising Practices and Policies from States and Tribes

  • Texas:
    • Adoption Incentive / Extended Adoption Assistance 
      Texas has been receiving adoption incentive funds for several years. The number of consummated adoptions has continued to grow. Assistance payments for adoption assistance or Permanency Care Assistance that continue up to time the young person turns 21 if agreements for such assistance payments were finalized after the young person turned 16, if the young adult is engaged in certain education or vocational activities.

    • Additional Fostering Connections Adoption Issues
      • Promotion of Adoption with Special Needs / Eligibility Issues
      • Tax Credits

Fostering Connections and Adoption – General Resources

  • Understanding Adoption Incentives, Adoption Assistance, and the Adoption Tax Credit
    This resource is part of a series of fact sheets for States and Tribes made available by The Training and Technical Assistance Coordination Center (TTACC). These two-page briefs describe available training and technical assistance (T/TA) from the Children’s Bureau to support implementation of the Fostering Connections and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 in eight key areas. Each fact sheet offers a brief overview of the Fostering Connections Act’s provisions in the topic area, the allowable funding and costs for that area under the Act, and examples of the free training and technical assistance that the Children’s Bureau’s National Resource Centers and Implementation Centers can give States and Tribes in that area.

Adoption of Older Children

  • Never Too Old: Achieving Permanency and Sustaining Connections for Older Youth in Foster Care
    Despite benefits mandated by the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008, many Federal and State programs fail to adequately provide for youth exiting foster care through emancipation. This report from the Evan B. Donaldson Institute provides background information and statistics on emancipation of youth from foster care, examines the social and policy context, and reviews the poor outcomes that these youth often face across different domains. It also highlights best practices and strategies by reviewing the different permanency options, including adoption, subsidized guardianship, reinstating parental rights, and helping youth make other permanent connections. The authors, Jeanne A. Howard and Stephanie Berzin, provide examples of successful permanency programs around the country and make a number of policy and practice recommendations. (July 2011)
  • Successful Older Child Adoption: Lessons from the Field
    This article from the Summer 2010 issue of “Adoptalk” published by the Northern American Council on Adoptable Children (NACAC) discusses proven strategies to increase adoptions of older youth. The article, authored by Mary Boo, describes the results of conversations with leaders in states that had particular success in increasing adoptions of older children and teens. It lists key strategies that resulted in significantly increased adoptions for the states and provides specific examples for each strategy, highlighting successful experiences of individual states. (2010)

Adoption of Children with Special Needs

  • “Special Needs” Adoption: What does it Mean?
    This factsheet from the Child Welfare Information Gateway presents some common questions regarding the adoption of a child or youth with special needs along with resources that will give you detailed answers. It discusses the definition of “special needs”, as well as topics of eligibility, making the decision, getting started, financial and health-care assistance, and post-adoption services. (July 2010)
  • Child Welfare FAQs - Child Welfare Funding
    The Technical Assistance Partnership for Child and Family Mental Health (TA Partnership) addresses the question of the availability of financial assistance to families who adopt children with special needs.

Adoption Tax Benefits

  • Congress Makes Adoption Tax Credit Permanent
    The Adoption Tax Credit that was set to expire at the end of 2012 is now a permanent credit. The tax credit allows adoptive parents of children from foster care to deduct adoption expenses from their federal taxes. The credit applies to necessary expenses directly related to the legal adoption of an eligible child. Visit the AdoptUSKids website to read the full announcement and access further information about the Adoption Tax Credit. (2013)

  • AdoptUSKids Websection on Adoption Tax Credit
    This section of the AdoptUSKids website explains the adoption tax credit and who is eligible to claim it.
  • Federal Adoption Tax Credit Form 8839
    The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has released Form 8839 for qualified adoption expenses, which includes information about the Federal Adoption Tax Credit and the instructions needed to claim it
  • Six Things to Know About the Expanded Adoption Tax Credit
    IRS Summertime Tax Tip 2011-10, July 27, 2011
    This factsheet from the Internal Revenue Service provides details about the necessary steps for adoptive parents to take to claim the tax credit. The factsheet also lists the forms and documentation that are required to process a claim for the credit. Links to an Adoption Benefits FAQs, the required form, and instructions are included.
  • Adoption Tax Benefits
    This section of the NYS Citizens’ Coalition for Children’s (NYSCCC) page provides information and a list of resources regarding adoption tax credits. (February 2012)
  • In Focus: The Adoption Tax Credit
    This report from the Congressional Coalition on Adoption Institute provides an overview of the legislative history of the adoption tax credit and outlines key policy considerations. (April 2010)

  • Claiming the Federal Adoption Tax Credit for Special Needs Adoptions
    This resource from the North American Council on Adoptable Children presents answers to common questions regarding the federal adoption tax credit for adoption of children with special needs. (October 2009)